Where was it supposed to be? In the heart of our capital of course. That place is where Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is today. Overlooking Moscow river and staring down at Kremlin. This location is as if the center piece on the table of Moscow. That is why with communism behind the wheel it was not debateble that the cathedral is to be demolished. (It was destroyed in 1931 on the order of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin)
The construction was started
495m - 1,624ft
But what can symbolise the upcoming era of Communism and Socialism? What should the temple of USSR look like? To answer this complocated question government opened up a contest in which architects from all over the world took part.
The goal was to come up with a project of an administrative center and a congress hall in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (present-day Russian Federation) near the Kremlin, on the site of the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
Finally, after long lasting discussions one of the 272 participating projects(by Boris Iofan and Vladimir Shchuko ) won the honor of proposing their vision of the future Palace of the Soviets. The architectural contest for the Palace of the Soviets (1931–1933) was won by Boris Iofan's neoclassical concept, subsequently revised by Iofan, Vladimir Shchuko and Vladimir Gelfreikh into a skyscraper. If built, it would have become the world's tallest structure of its time(Supposedly 400m high). Construction started in 1937, and was interrupted by the German invasion in 1941. In 1941–1942, its steel frame was disassembled for use in fortifications and bridges. Construction was never resumed. In 1958, the foundations of the Palace were converted into what would become the world's largest open-air swimming pool, the Moskva Pool.
Later on as the USSR fell, The Cathedral was rebuilt and reopened in 2000. While the nearby subway station, built in 1935 as Palace of the Soviets station, was renamed Kropotkinskaya in 1957.
Until this day Palace of the Soviets remains as a mysterios ghost building that never actually existed uet managed to scare and amaze the world by the sheer idea of its existance.
If you would like to know more about the Palace of the Soviets and see some of the projects that took part in the contest, check out this link.
You can also visit Shchusev state museum of architecture and find even more information about it there.
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